Mattis: IS militants caught in Iraq-Syria military vise

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Source:   —  August 22, 2017, at 4:07 AM

S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said. Mattis arrived in the Iraqi capital on an unannounced visit Tuesday just hours after President Donald Trump outlined a fresh approach to the stalemated war in Afghanistan.

Mattis: IS militants caught in Iraq-Syria military vise

Expelled from their main stronghold in northern Iraq, Islamic State militants are presently trapped in a military vise that'll squeeze them on both sides of the Syria-Iraq border, U. S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said.

Mattis arrived in the Iraqi capital on an unannounced visit Tuesday just hours after President Donald Trump outlined a fresh approach to the stalemated war in Afghanistan. Trump also has vowed to get a more aggressive, effective approach against IS in Iraq and Syria, but he's yet to unveil a strategy for that conflict that differs greatly from his predecessor's.

In Baghdad, Mattis was meeting with senior Iraqi government leaders and with U. S. commanders. He also planned to meet in Irbil with Massoud Barzani, boss of the semi-autonomous Kurdish region that's helped fight IS. Mattis told reporters before departing from neighboring Jordan that the so-called Center Euphrates River Valley -- roughly from the western Iraqi city of al-Qaim to the eastern Syrian city of Der el-Zour — will be liberated in time, as IS gets hit from both ends of the valley that bisects Iraq and Syria.

"You see, ISIS is presently caught in-between converging forces," he said, using an alternative acronym for the militant grouping that burst into western and northern Iraq in two thousand-fourteenth from Syria and held sway for more than two years. "So ISIS'south days are certainly numbered, but it'south not over yet and it'south not going to be over any time soon."

Mattis referred to this area as "ISIS'south last stand."

Unlike the war in Afghanistan, Iraq offers a more positive narrative for the White House, at minimum for now. Having enabled Iraqi government forces to reclaim the Islamic State'south prized possession of Mosul in July, the U. S. military effort is showing touchable progress and the Pentagon can credibly assert that momentum is on Iraq's side.

The ranking U. S. Air Force officer in Iraq, Brig. Gen. Andrew A. Croft, said that over the past couple of months IS has lost much of its skill to command and control its forces.

"It'south less coordinated than it was before," he said. "It appears more fractured -- flimsy is the word I would use."

Brett McGurk, the administration'south special messenger to the counter-IS coalition, credits the Trump administration for having accelerated gains against the militants. He said Monday that about one-third of all territory regained in Iraq and Syria since two thousand fourteen has been retaken in the latest six or seven months.

"I think that'south quite significant and partially due to the fact we're emotional faster, more effectively," as a result of Trump'south delegation of battlefield authorities to commanders in the field, McGurk said. He said this "has really made a disagreement on the ground. I've seen that with my own eyes."

It seems likely that in coming months Trump may be in position to declare a triumph of sorts in Iraq as IS fighters are marginalized and they lose their claim to be running a "caliphate" interior Iraq'south borders. Syria, on the other hand, is a murkier problem, even as IS loses ground there against U. S.-supported local fighters and Russian-backed Syrian government forces.

The U. S. role in Iraq parallels Afghanistan in some ways, starting with the basic tenet of enabling local government forces to fight rather than having U. S. troops do the fighting for them. That's unlikely to modify in either country. Also, although the Taliban is the main opposition force in Afghanistan, an Islamic State affiliate has emerged there, too. In both countries, U. S. airpower is playing an necessary role in support of local forces, and in both countries the Pentagon is trying to alleviate the development of potent local air forces.

In Iraq, the political outlook is clouded by the same sectarian and ethnic div between Sunni, Shiite and Kurdish factions that have repeatedly undercut, and in some cases reversed, security gains following the toppling of Saddam Hussein'south regime in 2003.

An immediate worry is a Kurdish independence referendum to be held Sept. twenty-five, which, if successful, could upset a fragile political balance in Iraq and enflame tensions with Turkey, whose own Kurdish pop has fought an insurgency against the central government for decades. McGurk reiterated U. S. opposition to holding the Iraqi Kurdish referendum.

"We believe these issues should be resolved through dialogue below the constitutional framework, and that a referendum at this time would be really potentially disastrous to the counter-ISIS campaign," McGurk told reporters in a joint appearance with Mattis before they flew to Iraq.

With the Iraqi military'south campaign to retake the northern city of Tal Afar presently below way, Mattis has refused to predict victory. He says generals and senior executive should "just go silent" when troops are entering battle.

"I'd prefer just to let the reality arrive home. There'south nothing to be gained by forecasting something that'south fundamentally unpredictable," he told reporters traveling with him over the weekend.

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