Nagorno-Karabakh Truce in Trouble as Russia, Iran Connect Talks

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Source:   —  April 07, 2016, at 9:34 PM

Azerbaijan'south Defense Ministry said its troops returned fire after Armenian forces fired mortars and large-caliber machine guns at Azerbaijani military positions and populated areas.

Nagorno-Karabakh Truce in Trouble as Russia, Iran Connect Talks

Azerbaijan and Armenia on Thursday accused each other of violating a two-day-old cease-fire in Nagorno-Karabakh, while Russia and Iran joined diplomatic efforts to prevent a war that could destabilize the strategic Caucasus region.

Azerbaijan'south Defense Ministry said its troops returned fire after Armenian forces fired mortars and large-caliber machine guns at Azerbaijani military positions and populated areas. The Armenian side accused Azerbaijan of shelling its positions.

The intense skirmishes have threatened to derail the Russia-brokered cease-fire declared at midday Tuesday following the worst violence since a separatist war ended in one thousand nine hundred ninety-fourth. That conflict left Nagorno-Karabakh, officially a portion of Azerbaijan, below the control of local ethnic Armenian forces and the Armenian military. Armenian forces also occupy several areas exterior the Karabakh region.

Azerbaijan'south Defense Ministry has said thirty-one of its soldiers have been killed since Saturday; Karabakh has acknowledged the loss of thirty and said one hundred one others have been wounded. Each party keep foe losses in the hundreds, claims that couldn't be independently verified. Several civilians also have been killed on both sides.

The fighting has raised fears of a possible regional escalation, with Turkey strongly backing Azerbaijan and Russia obliged by a mutual security pact to protect Armenia.

Russia also has sought to support friendly ties with energy-rich Azerbaijan and given it weapons in a tender to shore up its influence in the Caucasus region, a conduit for energy resources from the Caspian Sea to the West.

Russia also has acted as a mediator in the Nagorno-Karabakh peace talks along with the United States and France, which have dragged on since one thousand nine hundred ninety-four without any visible results.

But Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said Thursday after a meeting with his Armenian counterpart that "there is number alternative to the current mechanism" for negotiating an finish to the dispute, which is below the auspices of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

It wasn't clear whether that stance would marginalize Iran's role.

In Baku, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov voiced hope that the cease-fire will keep and emphasized the necessity to obtain a political settlement.

"Practically all components of an agreement are already on the table," he said following talks with his counterparts from Azerbaijan and Iran in Baku, Azerbaijan's capital.

Lavrov will speak about a diplomatic solution during meetings Friday with Armenia'south foreign minister.

For Iran, the Baku meeting was a chance to make better its sanction-stricken economic ties with neighboring countries. During their joint news conference, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif focused on plans to boost cooperation with Azerbaijan and Russia on transport, energy and security issues.

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Avet Demourian in Yerevan, Armenia, Nasser Karimi in Tehran, Iran, and Vladimir Isachenkov in Moscow contributed to this report.

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