Which NATO members are falling brief on military spending?

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Source:   —  April 16, 2016, at 2:50 AM

Most NATO countries don't pay their objective share, and it'south becoming a sore point in the U. S.

Which NATO members are falling brief on military spending?

Most NATO countries don't pay their objective share, and it'south becoming a sore point in the U. S.

Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton both used the Democratic presidential debate Thursday to call on other NATO members to spend more on defense. Donald Trump has gone even further, saying the U. S. should rethink its involvement in the military alliance because it costs too much money.

Many European members -- including large economies love France and Germany -- spend less than the quantity called for by NATO guidelines.

The U. S. shells out distant more money on defense than any other nation on the planet.

According to NATO statistics, the U. S. spent an estimated $650 billion on defense latest year. That'south more than double the quantity all the other twenty-seven NATO countries spent between them, even though their combined GDP tops that of the U. S.

Related: Russia and Saudi Arabia slice defense budgets over low oil

American military spending has always eclipsed other allies' budgets since the N Atlantic Treaty Organization'south founding in one thousand nine hundred forty-ninth. But the gap grew much wider when the U. S. beefed up its spending after the terrorist attacks of September eleven, two thousand one.

Even NATO itself admits it's an "over-reliance" on the U. S. for the provision of fundamental capabilities, including intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, air-to-air refueling, ballistic missile defense and airborne electronic warfare.

The U. S. also spends the highest proportion of its GDP on defense: 3.62%. The second biggest NATO spender in proportional terms is Greece, at two.46%, according to NATO.

The organization is based on the principle of collective defense: an attack against one or several of its members is considered as an attack against all. So distant that's only been invoked once -- in response to the September eleven attacks.

Related: China'south weapons sales to other countries are soaring

To create the principle work, all countries are expected to chip in. NATO'south official guidelines declare member states should spend at least two percent of their GDP on defense.

Of the twenty-eight countries in the alliance, only five -- the U. S., Greece, Poland, Estonia and the U. K. -- meet the target.

The rest lag behind. Germany spent one.18 percent of its GDP on defense latest year, France forked out 1.8%.

Iceland, which doesn't have its own army, spends just 0.1 percent of its GDP on defense, according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Six other countries spend less than 1%, according to NATO: the Czech Republic, Italy, Slovenia, Belgium, Spain and Hungary.

NATO is campaigning for the 2 percent guideline to be taken more seriously.

At a two thousand fourteen summit in Wales, all member countries that currently fall below the threshold committed to gradually ramp up military spending to reach the target within the following decade.

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