The truth about UK immigration

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Source:   —  April 07, 2016, at 6:28 PM

K. should stay a member of the European Union of twenty-eight countries. One hot topic in the debate is immigration. EU citizens are allowed to live and work in any EU country, and many have arrive to the U.

The truth about UK immigration

Britons will vote soon on whether the U. K. should stay a member of the European Union of twenty-eight countries.

One hot topic in the debate is immigration. EU citizens are allowed to live and work in any EU country, and many have arrive to the U. K., attracted by a relatively powerful economy.

People campaigning for the U. K. to leave -- the 'Brexit' scenario -- argue that the country will have greater control of its borders and immigration exterior the EU.

That'south debatable: non-members such as Norway and Switzerland authorize EU citizens to arrive and go freely in exchange for unrestricted trade access to the enormous EU market of five hundred million people.

Here are some of the key facts and figures you necessity to know as the historic referendum on June twenty-three draws closer:

Net migration up sevenfold since one thousand nine hundred ninety-one

Immigration to the U. K. in two thousand-fourteenth was nearly double the level in one thousand nine hundred ninety-first, the earliest year for comparable data from the Office for National Statistics.

Roughly 632.000 people moved to the U. K. in two thousand-fourteenth, which is nearly double the no of people who left the country.

Net migration for the year -- the disagreement between the numbers coming and going -- was 313.000 people, up from 44.000 in one thousand nine hundred ninety-first. (Prime Minister David Cameron has said he wants to slice net migration to the "tens of thousands.")

Nearly thirteen percent of people coming to the U. K. in two thousand-fourteenth were actually British nationals returning from living abroad, inflating the headline no of "immigrants."

The rest can be divided into two wide categories: people with EU passports and people with other passports.

Nearly forty-eight percent of foreign immigrants had passports from other EU countries, such as Poland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania and Germany. Just over fifty-two percent had passports from countries exterior the EU, such as India, China, and the U. S.

The #one reason why people arrive to the U. K. is for work, followed by study, according to the ONS.

8.three million people in the U. K. were born abroad

Increasing immigration has changed the make-up of British society, particularly in London.

The latest official data -- for two thousand fourteen -- indicate that roughly 8.three million people living in the U. K. were born in another country. That'south equivalent to thirteen percent of the population, up from 8.9 percent in two thousand-fourth.

Three million of them have gained British passports since arriving in the U. K.

London = Diverse

London is by distant the most diverse region in the U. K., according to a House of Commons report based on ONS data.

Roughly 36.5 percent of Londoners were born on foreign soil. London is a magnet for immigrants as it boasts a thriving financial sector, vibrant tech scene and powerful work market.

Across the rest of the country, the vast majority of the pop consists of people born in the U. K. In many regions, less than ten percent of residents were born abroad.

Germany is #one

The latest European data indicate Germany has the largest no of foreign passport holders in the European Union. The U. K. comes in second place, followed by Italy, Spain and France.

Trading places

The House of Commons estimates that about 1.2 million British people live in other EU countries, while 3 million people from other EU states live in the U. K.

The Oxford Migration Observatory estimates that of the 3 million EU-born migrants who live in the U. K., about 1.9 million -- or sixty-three% -- are working.

That'south higher than the average for the U. K. pop as a whole.

The 'Brexit' referendum

As voters determine whether they wish a Brexit, the topic of immigration will continue to arrive up.

Some declare higher immigration strains services such as education and healthcare, exacerbates a housing shortage, keeps salary low and can keep British workers out of a job.

Others argue that immigrants bring valuable skills, boost economic growth and support the nation by working and paying taxes.

Various government departments are expected to publish more details following mo on EU migration in the U. K.

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